Chapter 5 & 6 Review Questions

Chapter 5

1. Shape can be thought of as a combination of what two design elements?

-A shape is made of line/lines and the area enclosed by the line/lines.

2.  What is the term for the shape of a three-dimensional object


Chapter 6

1.  What is value as it applies to design?

-Value is thought of as the mixture of light and dark areas in a design.

2.  How does color affect value?

-The values of a color on an image is the same as value with black and white.  If the color is blue, then there will be values from pale blue to dark blue.



Chapter 4 Review Questions

1.  What is a contour drawing?

-A contour drawing consists of line that outline the object.

2.  How does variation of line thickness affect a drawing?

 -A variation of line thickness gives the illusion of volume.  A thick, or heavy, line appears to be more close               than a thin line.

3.  What are the three types of lines in regard to composition?

  1. Actual Line – an actual line is like it sounds; it’s like your usual lines that are right in front of you, and you don’t have to search for it.
  2. Implied Line – an implied line would be like a row of cars, even though it’s not a connected line, your eye still follows the row of cars like a line.
  3. Imaginary Line – an example of this would be an arrow.  The arrow points in a direction but there’s not a line following it; your eye just naturally follows the imaginary line created by the arrow.

4.  What is hatching?

-Hatching is a drawing technique made of lines that usually cross like a chain link fence.  Depending on how close or far apart the lines are depends on the effect you get.  For a deep, dark look, you would make your lines closer together, and for a light look they would be more spaced out.

5.  How can pixilation affect a curved line displayed on a monitor?

-Pixilation can make curved lines appear jagged.


Emotion Blocks




*The two squares on top make an angry face, which represents anger.





*This represents frustration because the blocks are in a cluster and looks flustered.




*This represents fear because the little block is about to be eaten.



*The blocks are spread out and spastic looking, which represents excitement!




*The three blocks make a joyful face.




*This represents contentment because everything’s even and calm like.

Format and Space

Format and space, there are two things that a designer needs to consider before creating something.  First off, what is format?  Well, this refers to the size of what your “canvas” will be and how many pixels to use.  This also includes whether it will be used on a website, billboard, etc.  An example of the size of your canvas would be viewing a movie in the theater and viewing it on your own TV.  So, while designing you have to make it so it will fit the screen and keep in mind what pixels you’ll need to use so it looks good with your clients monitor.

Next, there is space.  There are three forms of space: positive, negative, and illusionary space.

Positive space can be anything that is seen as a solid or the main focus of a design.  As you can see in the photo below, Spider Man is the main focus of the image, therefore he becomes the positive space.


Negative space is everything else that’s not the main focus.  An example of this would be the Batman symbol.  Say the bat in the middle is the positive space, so therefore everything around it becomes the background, or negative space.


Illusionary space is when it looks like the design is 3D on a 2D plane.  This can be done by changing the size and position of objects.  As an example, if two objects are the same but one appears larger, we’ll see this one as being closer to us.  Another way of making something appear closer is making the object lower in the design.  Also, if an object looks lighter and looks to be more in focus, then it will appear to be closer to the viewer.


In the image above, the Green Lantern movie poster looks 3D, but it’s only on a piece of paper.  The Green Lantern appears to be the closest to the viewer.  This is accomplished my making him bigger than the world behind him, having him in a more vivid color than the background, and keeping him in more focus than the background.

As you can see, format and space are used in everything we create, and hopefully Spidey, Batman, and Green Lantern helped you understand the difference between positive, negative and illusionary space!

New Media

In a world where we can see what everyone’s doing at just the click of a button, it’s easy to get lost in all of that juicy Facebook drama and forget where new media all started.  One of the first advances with media was photography, which later evolved into making motion pictures.  Motion pictures was a way to tell a story that was accompanied with live music, and shortly after that they were able to add recorded voices and sounds to the images.  The next big step in media was the TV.  Not only were you getting voices/sounds through a box, but you could view things as they were happening, whether they were close by or far away.  Computers were soon developed.  the computer started as a machine that could print some text but no graphics, but it has obviously evolved into tone of our main forms of communication.  This interaction between people and media is what has become known as “new media”.

There are still some similarities between new media and media in the past.  For example, we can still take photos and videos.  We can just do it more efficiently.  Everything is pretty much the same; the main thing that has changed i how we apply it to new technology and how we use it to communicate.  It all moves at a much faster pace and it’s easier to share our lives to the world.

The way new media is evolving, the media we know now will most likely be the old piece of junk we can’t wait to trade in for the most new and exciting thing in a few years, if not sooner.  As someone majoring in Digital Media, it will definitely affect my future, for I’ll have to keep up with all the new technology that will be coming out.  It’s impossible to say what we will be using in the future when we’re learning and creating technology as fast as we are.